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How To Choose The Right Fort Lauderdale Yacht Brokers

When you are thinking of buying a yacht, you already know just how important a yacht broker is going to be to you at this point in time. In fact, it is even better for you to have your very own broker with you. Yacht brokers are very important since they tend to represent both the seller and the buyer of a yacht, it just depends on whose side they are on and who has given them the job to either buy or sell the yacht. This is another reason as to why it is advisable that you have your very own Fort Lauderdale Yacht Broker who is going to be in a position to take care of all your interests without bulging. When you decide to go for this option, you will need to carefully choose a professional or a team of professionals who are going to do things in the right way while still ensuring that all your interests are protected the way they should.

So how do you choose a Fort Lauderdale Yacht Broker in the right way?

Before you go ahead and start choosing a broker, the most important thing for you to do is to start by knowing exactly what it is that you want. Start by doing a thorough research and always be realistic about what you are looking for. Once you do this, look at your needs, your budget and start out by making a list of the different features that you are looking for as well as the equipment that you want to have on the boat. If you want to know what it is you are looking for, you have the option of chartering a number of boats so that you are able to figure out exactly what is important to you and what isnt. Below are the things that you should always look into before you go ahead and hire a Fort Lauderdale Yacht Broker.

Is the broker bonded and licensed?
The requirements that each state tends to give when one wants to become a broker normally varies. Before you go ahead and hire a broker, you need to take the time and look into the laws and regulations that have been laid out for brokers in the state you are in. This will make it easy for you especially when it comes to figuring out exactly what you are going to be looking for. Also, hiring a broker who is bonded and licensed is going to be very beneficial to you in the long run.

What knowledge does the broke have?
The broker you are about to hire should be able to easily advise, consult and educate the buyer in any upgrades and equipment that is available on the yacht. They need to know all the products very well so that they are able to easily answer any questions that a client may have.

Good negotiating skills
A good broker needs to have the best negotiating skills so that they are able to seal a good deal for you.

Top Skateboard Tricks

Now that youve mastered the basics of your new skateboard, its time to try something more exciting. Your skateboard is great for cruising around the neighborhood, but even just knowing a few tricks will allow you to show off and wow some friends around. Of course, doing these stunts will be much different from riding the board, so make sure you have some free time and enough space to practice until you get it perfect.

1. Dropping In and Pumping

The secret to dropping in is to just commit to it. If you let yourself get scared halfway through, you will definitely screw it up. The secret to making it is to bend your knees to have a low center of gravity, then lean forward and connect your front wheels. It is understandable to feel scared to lean forward but you just need to trust the technique. You can try dropping in on any bank before trying out a quarter pipe or a mini ramp.

2. 50-50 Grind

You need to master the Ollie before trying this stunt, practicing doing it sideways as well. When rolling up beside your chosen ledge or box, you will need to be doing this exact same move. Doing it sideways is less risky than a head-on approach, because your grinds are not locked in properly like when you do it sideways.

3. Pop Shuv-It

If you are looking for an easy one to learn, then this is perfect for you. To do it you need to learn how to do shuv-its. While this move is already quite fun, you cannot do it on stairs or when there is a gap. So you will just need to master catching a pop shuv-it at the peak of a pop. Its really doable, dont worry.

4. Kickflip

This is a move for everyone, even beginners, though you can expect to invest some time learning it. You might need to watch videos on how to make this easily or simply read about expert skaters on how they do this stunt well. Basically, you need to do a solid Ollie and while on the top, you would need to flip the board using your ankle on the top corner of your skateboard. Now you just need to catch this flip with the back foot. You should then bring your front foot back, land and roll away.

5. Rock Fakie/Rock n Roll

This is one of the easier tricks out there, with the Rock n Roll being less complicated because you will ride back down into the same ramp you came up from. To master it, you need to practice how to pump the mini ramp first so that you can get used to doing the Rock Fakie.

6. Backside Grind

You have two options when it comes to doing this stunt, grinding either on the top of the coping or grinding the coping on the side. Of the two, the second is less dangerous and also simpler to do, but as you practice you will learn both options. The trick to not crashing is to make sure that your tricks are at the right position. After learning this, you can then figure out how to drop in afterward.

While most of these tricks sound easy, do not be surprised if you would need quite a bit of practice to actually pull them off. However, you really just need to build your skills and confidence and you will soon find yourself wowing your audience with your moves.

Swimming As A Full Body Workout

If you are not a big fan of the gym but looking for a good workout, you should definitely consider trying out swimming instead. It might be a bit more difficult to adapt than other sports because we are more used to moving on land, it is still worth it.

This is because swimming offers you a full-body workout that you can do the whole year round. Not only does it help improve your cardiovascular fitness, you can also strengthen your muscles. If you do it regularly enough, you can already see progress after a month.

However, it is not as easy as just jumping into the pool. You would need good form to really get a workout. If you do not feel confident about your stroke or have never really learned any, it is best to go work with an instructor or join some classes. Otherwise, you have enough skills to independently start swimming for fitness.

 

A good first start is the freestyle stroke. Do as many laps as you can for around 20 minutes. It might not feel like a lot, but at the beginning, your body will be shocked at the exercise. So take as many breaks as you need, then continue. The resistance from the water will be tiring, but do not worry. As you continue, you will find yourself making those laps more easily and quickly.

You can also make use of some tools available at your pool. For example, kickboards are great for working out your legs and resting your arms. There are even swimming snorkels that allow you to breathe without worrying about moving your head regularly.

Do not hesitate to take it easy in the beginning. Try to do 10 workouts in the first 3 weeks to start getting used to swimming. Afterward, you can really start doing the full workout.

A Proper Workout

Start by doing a warm up, which means swimming for 10 minutes, increasing intensity and speed as you go. Once you are ready, you can go do your laps. Your pool either has 25 or 50 meters, make sure to find out beforehand to understand how many you should do. A good target is to do 100 meters at a time, resting 20 seconds in between. Aim to do this 15 times. Keep up with swimming around 3 times a week.

The secret to making it is to not kick too hard. This is a common misconception, that your legs are responsible for making you faster. However, it does not really propel you that much in the water, instead, it uses up a lot of your energy and makes your heart race. Instead, you need to use your upper body to do the work of moving you forward, and you need to kick just enough to keep your legs up in the water. Invest in good swim gear like goggles, nosepiece or swimming cap to help you perform at your optimum level.

If you just love the water and find swimming a great activity for you, then do not hesitate to go and take that annual membership at the closest pool. Try to join a swim club or performance swimming clinic to help you stay motivated. Soon enough, you will not just be hooked, but you will also be in the best shape possible.

Bicycle Lights On A Mountain Bike

When cycling at night it’s also advisable to make certain that your lights aren’t obscured at all. The most significant thing which you should think about while buying any one of these lights is the SAE and DOT approval. They would be great for teens and anyone who is likely to be trying to get home in the dark. Sometimes those small tail lights can be difficult to see, thus by lighting up the wheels, this is a far bigger area that could now be viewed by drivers. LED tail lights are rather important if you’re riding in traffic. Practically all new lights can be taken out in an issue of seconds. Therefore, it is always advised that you install powerful lights that may be helpful at any moment during the day or night.

There are all kinds of lights to select from in the event that you’re trying to buy one. These sorts of lights most often utilize LED Lights. There are a number of bicycle lights that can be found on the market today so that it can be hard to select which model is appropriate for you. Various types of bicycle lighting also have numerous power resources. It is the most important component in the automotive world. Decent bike lighting is among them.

How Much You Are ready To devote A fantastic bicycle is nearly always never inexpensive, and this is for a very good reason. In the united kingdom, cycling is among the most popular summer pursuits and the usage of bicycle lights should not be neglected. Particularly when cycling, planning a route is critical, as an incorrect turn could result in a severe accident. Biking is fun, and it’s becoming increasingly more popular, as an excellent way to receive outside and find some exercise, in addition to a principal method of transport for many getting to and from work or errands.

When you go and pick a bike, it is perfect that you test out a couple bikes for size. Deciding on the right road bike takes quite a bit of thought and consideration. Riding road bikes is a superb means to remain fit and save on money. It isn’t advisable top ride without lights whenever there’s dark outside. Nonetheless, you still must pick a bike that’s best for your height. Men and women who have a bike are utterly conscious regarding the protection of riding and protection of different commuters on the road as accidents can occur without warning. There are tons of mountain bikes offered for sale.

Alongside that, you might also need gloves and sunglasses, and naturally, a helmet. The finest and most significant issue is you may do something about it, put on a bike helmet and provide yourself a true chance, you can get anything from a costly top of the range model for those gadget wiz kids out there or an excellent quality, superior value helmet that is going to do the job and safeguard your head. Some believe that it’s the helmet that saves an individual in the event of accident.

How To Stay Young – Forever

The quest for eternal youth has plagued mankind since creation. Modern scientific knowledge has helped advance life expectancy far beyond what what was possible a hundred years ago. But how do you really slow down that ageing process and can there ever be eternal youth?

What Ages Us?

Possibly the best place to start is with an understanding of what ages us. What is it in life that makes some people age faster than others? Not just visually, but internally, physically and emotionally?

The easiest way to break it down, is to analyse events that shorten life, whether through heart disease, diabetes, smoking related illness or the like. Most things that shorten our life expectancy can be broken down into the following categories:

Smoking : The research into smoking and its related illnesses is well documented. The longer you smoke, the worse the impact is and the more you can reduce your life expectancy.

Drinking : while a small amount of alcohol may actually benefit health, the reality is that the majority of those that drink, do so to a greater amount than would be recommended by any medical practitioner.

Poor Diet : many people know what they should eat, but fast food, take aways, foods high in saturates, salt and sugar are often the cheapest and most readily available.

Stress : Everyone feels it differently. But whether you like it or not, stress and worry, whether over things you can manage or those that you cant, is a massive factor in terms of the impact it has on your health and longevity.

Skin Protection : poor skin health and excessive exposure to the suns harmful rays can mean an increase in skin cancer as well as contribute to a premature look of ageing

Genetics : there are some things that are easy to deal with, and some that are very hard. Genetics fall into the latter. However, with the work being done on decoding the genome, we are moving closer to fully understanding the profile that many illness take. Once we have conquered the gnome we will see the creation of a whole new world of personalised healthcare

Some additional great tips

How To Overcome Ageing Factors

Understanding what the main ageing and life shortening factors are can help us devise well known and proven strategies to reduce the. The effect of which is to help extend our life expectancy and increase the quality of life for so many.

Smoking : The simple advice is to dont. If you do, quit. That is always an easier thing to say than do. But the key is to always try, until you succeed. Try patches, try hypnotherapy, try vaping. Try them all again and again until you manage to quit. Smoking is one of the worse habits for your health and quitting can have the biggest improvement to your long term life expectation, as well as ongoing health and skin quality than almost anything else.

Drinking : Drink lots of water and cut down on your alcohol. Too much alcohol damages the liver and floods the organs and body with toxins. It can also rob you good mental capacity into old age and potentially contribute to brain degenerative diseases. Excessive and binge drinking are killers and should be avoided at all costs.

Poor Diet : Eat more fruit and vegetables. Eat more beans, nuts and seeds. Cut down on high saturated fat filled foods, those with high sugar content and anything that s mainly sugar. When you slip into poor habits, dont call them treats, call them being bad. Treat yourself to good things and your body will reward you with healthy internal organs and a lively outlook

Exercise : Become more active. Sit down for less time than you normally do. See if you can do more things standing than sitting. Talk on the phone standing up. Get a tablet and use it standing up instead of sitting at your computer. Walk up the stairs, even if you dont need to, just walk up and down them 20 times a day. Its great exercise.

If you are working out, use a . back support belt to keep your back strong.

Walk to the shops and carry home the shopping, but stick to just two bags.

Look for every opportunity that you can in your day to day to get more exercise. Dont worry about the gym, build exercise into your daily routine and you will do it forever.

Stress and Worry : Meditate. Join a yoga or Tai Chi class and learn to meditate. It will help you brush aside those thoughts that weigh you down, and clear your head for that brighter day.

Skin protection : moisturise and protect your skin. Dont expose yourself to the sun without broad spectrum sunscreen. Dont go out without moisturising your skin and protecting it from the elements. Drink lots of water and cut down on your sugar.

Genetics : Find a genetics center and get tested. Find out if you are at risk of any genetic diseases. they can help identify areas where treatment may already be available. Or, on the other hand, just forget about it, one less thing to worry about.

What to do next

The main advice is get started. To get started I suggest that you replace all the bad habits with new ones.

It is far easier to replace a bad habit with a good one than to stop altogether.

Get help. Enlist the help of friends and family to help you make inroads to your new quest for eternal youth. Share your goals and have them help you stay focused. You will need help, you will need discipline but most importantly, your will can help you succeed.

Defining Female Athlete Triad

Sports and exercise have become a routine practice among both sexes. Exercise is necessary for a healthy and fulfilling lifestyle, which is a primary goal for most people. However, in every field, there is an excess, which leads to overtraining among athletes.

Overtraining is defined as an imbalance between exercise and rest, occurring when athletes are subjected to an intensive training load without adequate rest and recovery. In addition to the physical effects, the overtraining syndrome manifests in simultaneous negative changes in the athlete’s psychosocial environment. Hence, repeated physical exercises stimulate the metabolism and improve physical performance; yet long-lasting exercises may result in overtraining, with decreased performance and disturbances in organ functions. Athletes are suffering from overtraining typically display irritation, carelessness, sleep disturbance, and frequent infections.

Sourced from: http://www.athleticinsight.com/Vol15Iss3/Feature.htm

Overtraining is an imbalance between exercise and rest in athletes that have intense programs. Even more severe is the Female Athlete Triad, which is a mixture of overtraining and under eating.

Female Athlete Triad is a damaging combination of overtraining and under eating. It is common knowledge that exercise offers many benefits such as increased strength and endurance of skeletal muscles and the cardiovascular system. Exercise has also been shown to improve self-esteem, self-confidence, self-discipline, and to build character. However, too much exercise can easily turn into overtraining, which will diminish the benefits and cause serious life-long ailments such as osteoporosis, arthritis, and autoimmune diseases. For women, a group of disorders may materialize that are collectively known as the Female Athlete Triad.

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The Female Athlete Triad is a combination of severe athlete overtraining characterized by a compulsive need to exercise and shocking under eating. The female athlete is using up a lot of energy in training but refuses to eat accordingly, mainly due to other psychological aspects. Some of the signs, symptoms, and causes are as follows;

  • Symptoms
  1. disordered eating.
  2. Osteoporosis (loss of bone strength)
  3. Amenorrhea (loss of menstrual cycle).

Men can also suffer from similar disorders with the exception of the latter.

  • The Cause

These problems are caused by a strong desire to conform to standards of either appearance or performance, often unrealistic. This may cause the person to become obsessive/compulsive about exercise (in any form) or eat in an unhealthy manner (eating far too few calories and/or purging).

Sourced from: http://www.livefitlean.com/overtraining/

  • Signs

Signs of overtraining, and FAT, will be exhibited in varying degrees depending on the extremity at which the person trains. Some of the most obvious signs are stress fractures and other overuse injuries. Less obvious signs include: Simple fatigue, prolonged weakness, chronic soreness, loss of body weight, insomnia, anorexia, depression, disordered eating, flu-like symptoms, frequent minor infections, under performance, excessive fatigue, amenorrhea, osteoporosis, or obsessive/compulsive behavior with exercise.

The athlete suffering from FAT will notice reduced body weight, anorexia, depressions, and flue like symptoms. The over-eating means that the female athlete does not have enough nutrients to use in the production of hormones meaning that they will miss their periods often. The lack of estrogen in the body will cause problems such as osteoporosis as the hormone is responsible for calcium deposition in bones.

Some athletes see amenorrhea (the absence of menstrual periods) as a sign of successful training. Others see it as a great answer to a monthly inconvenience. Also, some young women accept it blindly, not stopping to think of the consequences. However, missing your menstrual periods is often a sign of decreased estrogen levels. In addition, lower levels can lead to osteoporosis, a disease in which your bones become brittle and more likely to break.

Usually, bones become brittle and break when women are much older, but some young women, especially those who exercise so much that their periods stop, develop brittle bones, and may start to have fractures at a very early age. Some 20-year-old female athletes have been said to have the bones of an 80-year-old woman. Even if bones do not break when you are young, low estrogen levels during the peak years of bone building, the preteen and teen years, can affect bone density for the rest of your life. And studies show that bone growth lost during these years may not ever be regained.

Sourced from: http://www.webmd.com/osteoporosis/overtraining-and-osteoporosis

Treatment of Hyponatremia

Fatal hyponatremia is becoming a serious problem especially for serious athletes who are involved in intensive training. It has common in marathon runners and military recruits, as well as, anyone else in intensive training.

Fatal hyponatremia in athletes is rare, but it has claimed the lives of marathon runners and military recruits, and should therefore be brought to the attention of sports/health professionals. However, it is clear from epidemiological (population) data that hyponatremia associated with prolonged exercise is quite rare. It is very important to keep the risk of ‘overhydration’ in perspective. For example, one study of ‘higher risk’ athletes who developed symptomatic hyponatremia were participating in distance running events of 42 km and triathlons lasting 9–12 h. In these events, symptomatic hyponatremia still only occurred in 0.1–4% of the participants.

Sourced from: https://sportmedbc.com/article/hyponatremia-or-overhydration%E2%80%94who-risk

Luckily, severe hyponatremia is quite rare but that does little to eliminate the seriousness of the ailment. It manifests in two types; acute and severe intoxication.

Acute and Chronic Water Intoxication

In acute water intoxication, blood sodium levels drop under 130 mmol/L within 48 hours, and in chronic water intoxication in more than 48 hours.

Sourced from: http://www.ehealthstar.com/conditions/water-intoxication

Chronic water intoxication involves extremely low levels of sodium; under 130mmol/ L in more than 48 hours. Studies have shown that intake of excess water is a primary factor in hyponatremia.

Excessive drinking is a key risk factor for hyponatremia, and this risk can be reduced by making certain that fluid intake does not exceed sweat loss and by ingesting sodium containing beverages or foods to help replace the sodium lost in sweat. As a safeguard, athletes can include sodium containing sports drinks for exercise lasting more than 1-2 hours, especially during activity in the heat when sweat losses are greatest. Sports drinks are also beneficial by means of supplying carbohydrates when muscle fuel stores may run low during intense training or competition lasting more than 1-2 hours.

It is advised that athletes should intake sports drinks with sodium for exercises lasting more than two hours. Sodium is an important electrolyte in the human body especially because the mineral is an important component of neurotransmission.

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The electrolyte sodium is very important in hydration and electrolyte status. The Latin word for sodium is natrium, thus the term hyponatremia for the condition where the sodium concentration in body fluids is dangerously low. The sodium concentration in extra-cellular fluid is the ratio of weight of sodium ions to weight of water. So, if I have too much water, I can just add more sodium, right? Well, it depends on where you are with respect to normal sodium content in the body. If you have too little sodium, then adding more will help you return to normal. An example many runners have experienced would be low sodium with adequate water, leading to puffiness in the hands and wrists. Taking in more sodium will correct the situation and the puffiness will go down. But if you have the right amount of sodium, adding a lot more is not good. Excess sodium can increase thirst and prompt more drinking, which is bad if you already have too much water on board (excess weight). Thus, the safest course is to drink to maintain body weight (or be a little down), and take sodium supplementation conservatively. A deficiency of water or sodium can be corrected within minutes, but correcting excesses of either one can take hours.

Sourced from: http://www.succeedscaps.com/articles/over_hydration/

Many athletes however, may prefer to drink only water, and should be aware of misleading advice to ‘always drink as much as you can’. The amount of water an athlete should drink depends on their volume of sweat and the sodium concentration of their sweat, both of which can vary depending on aerobic fitness, exercise intensity and ambient temperature.

The problem is that most athletes prefer to take a lot of water during and after their intensive exercise, a situation that may lead to overhydration. The following are the short and long-term effects of hyponatremia on the body;

Short-Term Effects on the Body Organs

  • Brain swelling (cerebral edema)
  • Lung swelling (pulmonary edema)
  • Muscle breakdown (rhabdomyolysis)

Long-Term Complications

An episode of a severe hyponatremia may leave a person with a permanent brain damage resulting in:

  • Mental retardation
  • Diabetes insipidus
  • Persistent vegetative state
  • Hearing loss
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Gait abnormality

Severe hyponatremia has been linked to problems such as cerebral palsy, hearing loss, and even diabetes insipidus. The following are some preventive and treatment steps that athletes can take to monitor their health;

  • Weight in and weight out – make it a habit to weight yourself before pursuing any exhaustive activity. The target is to match the amount of weight loss due to sweat with an equivalent volume of fluid right after the exercise. The rule of thumb for these events is to drink at least 20 ounces of fluids, preferably with electrolytes, within several hours after each training session and, most importantly, after the event.
  • Keep drinking tabs – it is important that we keep track of our fluid intake, regardless if it is during training or during the event. Keeping track will help us understand our drinking patterns, which, in turn, will help us, determine the correct amount of fluid we should take. One important fact to note, sports drinks count as water and should be taken into consideration when tracking fluid intake.
  • Eat salt – not literally of course, but a steady intake of salty food while training will keep your sodium levels in check and prevent water retention.
  • Rest – beginners should take advantage of any rest stop available. Especially in high temperatures, endurance athletes should take a rest and let cool their body down.
  • Sip It – Never gulp down any fluid during or after an exercise, always take fast, short sips to slowly cool down the body and prevent accidental water intoxication. Gulping in too much at a time will prevent the body from absorbing the fluid and will result in excessive water in our system.

Sourced from: http://survival-mastery.com/med/health/water-intoxication.html

Some of the Most Common Sport’s Injuries

Sport is an interesting hobby, interest, and profession. It is filled with a lot of energy, sweat, and adrenaline, which make sporting activities intriguing. Such large amounts of adrenaline have made sports a frequent injury zone.

Anytime you step out onto the field of play, whatever the sport or exercise and regardless of location, you always run the risk of some sort of injury. However remote that possibility is at any given moment that repeated wear and tear on your body eventually adds up, leading to excessive stress on the muscles and joints that lead to injury. In general, listen to your body, and do your best to distinguish good pain (general fatigue) from the bad (jolting or dull pains, excessive fatigue). Struggling to do those, last couple reps might seem like a good idea in the short term, but it could ruin your progress in the long run with a damaging and lingering injury.

Sourced from: http://www.mensfitness.com/training/pro-tips/sports-injuries-8-most-common-injuries

Sports activities will at one point lead to injury mainly due to stress on the muscles and joints that will result in injury. For example, American football, gymnastics, and cheerleading are common sports activities that result into various injuries.

1.Common Football Injuries

  • Overuse Injuries – Lower back or overall back pain is a common complaint in Football (American) players due to overuse. Often a leading cause is overtraining syndrome. This is when a player trains beyond the ability for the body to easily recover. Knee pain is another problem that football players complain of; this can usually be dealt with by a quadriceps strengthening program.
  • Concussions – One of the most common injuries in Football (American). A concussion occurs due to a traumatic impact. Some signs of concussion are; a headache, dizziness, nausea, drowsiness, loss of balance, numbness, blurry vision, and difficulty concentrating. Concussions can be a severe injury if you think you may have suffered from one seek medical care immediately.
  • Heat Injuries – With the start of training camp, this is a large concern. Most often occurs with the intense physical activities associated with long outdoor training sessions in the height of summer. Sweating depletes the body of salt and water. Some of the symptoms you may note are cramping, if not treated with simple body cooling and fluids you can suffer from heat stroke or heat exhaustion, which can if untreated lead to death.
  • Traumatic Injuries – Knee injuries in football are the most common, especially those to the anterior or posterior cruciate ligament (ACL/PCL) and the menisci (cartilage of the knee). These knee injuries can adversely affect a player’s long-term involvement in the sport. Football players also have a higher chance of ankle sprains due to the surfaces played on and cutting motions. Shoulder injuries are also quite common, and the labrum (cartilage bumper surrounding the socket part of the shoulder) is particularly susceptible to injury, especially in offensive and defensive linemen. In addition, injuries to the acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) or shoulder are seen in football players.

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2.Common Gymnastics Injuries

  • Labral tears – (sometimes called SLAP tears) may occur during any gymnastic exercise, but the ring and bar specialists seem particularly vulnerable. It is characterized by pain that initially resolves but tends to recur with a return to sport. An MRI can be helpful in establishing a definitive diagnosis.
  • Wrist Injuries – The wrist is subjected to forces that can exceed twice the body weight. The first step in treating wrist pain is to reduce the training volume of the athlete, relieve symptoms, and to participate in only pain-free activities. After an injury, gymnasts should avoid considerable pressure on the wrist joint for six weeks. If the gymnast is experiencing pain with non-gymnastic activities of daily living, using a brace or cast to immobilize the wrist temporarily may be helpful.
  • ACL injuries – can result when a gymnast lands “short” or is over-rotated while tumbling, dismounting, or vaulting. A “pop” may be heard or felt followed by knee swelling for hours. MRI is often used to confirm ACL injury. As with other sports, ACL reconstruction is recommended for gymnasts who wish to return to full sports participation.
  • Achilles Tendons – Gymnasts, can suffer from a variety of injuries to the Achilles tendon located just above the back of the heel, as a result of the repetitive stress of jumping and landing. Achilles tendinitis occurs in calf soreness that is aggravated with jumping and landing. Treatment should initially consist of ultrasound, stretching, activity modification, and calf exercises. Foot immobilization for seven to ten days may be beneficial for severe symptoms.
  • Foot & Ankle – Injuries to the foot and ankle are common in gymnastics. Acute injuries are usually sprains, which can be minor or more serious. Swelling, bruising and tenderness directly over the bones are signs of a more serious injury. Minor injuries typically have tenderness limited to one side of the joint without significant swelling. Serious injuries require evaluation by a qualified professional while a return to participation after a minor injury is often possible within a week if there is no pain (or limping) with weight bearing activity. Protection with taping or a brace can aid recovery and reduce the risk for re-injury. Chronic ankle pain or repeated injuries are worrisome and require evaluation before continuing with participation.
  • Muscle Strain – The cause of low-back pain can include muscle strain, ligament sprain, fracture, and/or disc disorders. Frequently, the low-back pain will worsen with activity, especially with extension movements, such as arching the shoulders backward. Low-back pain in gymnasts related to muscular strain or ligament sprain usually responds to rest and physical therapy exercises. Persistent back pain is uncommon and should not be ignored. An MRI or a bone scan is often helpful to rule out injuries that are more significant.

3.Common Cheerleading Injuries

One study estimates that cheerleading led to 28,000 emergency room visits in 2009 (the latest year for data). While not as frequent as injuries in other sports, cheerleading injuries tend to be more severe, making up more than half of the catastrophic injuries in female athletes. Cheerleading injuries affect all areas of the body — most commonly the wrists, shoulders, ankles, head, and neck.

Cheerleading Injury Prevention Tips:

  • Stunt restrictions – In an attempt to curb the amount of catastrophic injuries in cheerleading, restrictions have been placed on stunts. They range from height restrictions in human pyramids to the thrower-flyer ratio, to the number of spotters that must be present for each person lifted above shoulder level.Basket toss stunts in which a cheerleader is thrown into the air (sometimes as high as 20 feet) are only allowed to have four throwers. The person being tossed (flyer) is not allowed to drop the head below a horizontal plane with the torso. One of the throwers must remain behind the flyer at all times during the toss.Mats should be used during practice sessions and as much as possible during competitions. Cheerleaders should not attempt a stunt if they are tired, injured, or ill, as this may disrupt their focus and cause the stunt to be performed in an unsafe manner.
  • Training – The importance of a qualified coach is also critical. Coaching certification is encouraged. Precautions should always be taken during inclement weather for all stunts. In addition, a stunt should not be attempted without proper training, and not until the cheerleader is confident and comfortable with performing the stunt. Supervision should be provided at all times during stunt routines.